The following pool of research seeks to inform readers about SUDI so that the community is best informed about its associated risk factors.

This research effectively informs our key messaging around SUDI, which is disseminated to a range of stakeholders including whānau, communities and health professionals.

“Ashamed, Silent and Stuck in a System”—Applying a Structural Violence Lens to Midwives’ Stories on Social Disadvantage in Pregnancy

Eva Neely, Briony Raven, Lesley Dixon, Carol Bartle, and Carmen Timu-Parata


Historical and enduring maternal health inequities and injustices continue to grow in Aotearoa New Zealand, despite attempts to address the problem. Pregnancy increases vulnerability to poverty through a variety of mechanisms. This project qualitatively analysed an open survey response from midwives about their experiences of providing maternity care to women living with social disadvantage. We used a structural violence lens to examine the effects of social disadvantage on pregnant women.

Te Hā o Whānau: A culturally responsive framework of maternity care

Kendall Stevenson, Sara Filoche, Fiona Cram, Beverley Lawton


AIM: A nuanced healthcare framework, Te Hā o Whānau, aims to make the maternal-infant healthcare system more accessible and culturally responsive for Māori following unexpected events that led to the harm or loss of their baby.

Swaddling: A Systematic Review

Bregje E. van Sleuwen, Adèle C. Engelberts, Magda M. Boere-Boonekamp, Wietse Kuis, Tom W.J. Schulpen and Monique P. L'Hoir


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Māori whānau and Pasifika family experiences of sleep health messages

Te Hiringa Hauora/Health Promotion Agency


Te Hiringa Hauora commissioned Malatest International to conduct qualitative sleep research with Māori whānau and Pasifika family.
Whānau and families discussed their awareness of, experiences with and barriers to following commonly promoted infant sleep messages. Overall themes and implications are identified to design more effective resources and healthy sleep messages for Māori whānau and Pasifika family.

Mai te whai-ao ki te ao mārama

Te Hiringa Hauora/Health Promotion Agency


Coming into the light – Mothers’ experiences of distress and wellbeing during pregnancy and the first year of motherhood

Potential effects of using non-combustible tobacco and nicotine products during pregnancy: a systematic review

M. Glover and Carl V. Phillips


The range of risk reduced alternatives to smoking tobacco is increasing and so is used among pregnant women. The substantial harms of smoking during pregnancy are well established and there is reason to believe that nicotine alone is somewhat harmful. Differences in the exposure chemistry strongly suggest that the effects of using smoke-free nicotine products (including pharmaceutical nicotine products, smokeless tobacco, and electronic cigarettes containing nicotine) fall somewhere in the range between zero risk to the risk from smoking.

Infant care practices and parent uptake of safe sleep messages: a cross-sectional survey in Queensland, Australia

Roni Cole1,2* , Jeanine Young1 , Lauren Kearney1,2 and John M. D. Thompson1,3


Globally, the incidence of sleep-related infant mortality declined dramatically following the first public health campaigns seen internationally in the 1990s to reduce the risks of sudden infant death. However, Australian Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy (SUDI) rates have plateaued with little change in incidence since 2004 despite two further public health safe sleep campaigns. This study aims to describe contemporary infant care practices employed by families related to the current public health SUDI prevention program.