The following pool of research seeks to inform readers about SUDI so that the community is best informed about its associated risk factors.

This research effectively informs our key messaging around SUDI, which is disseminated to a range of stakeholders including whānau, communities and health professionals.

Community resilience — what matters and what works

EeMun Chen, Principal Consultant, MartinJenkins Ben Craven, Senior Consultant, MartinJenkins Ruth Martin, Senior Advisor – Strategic Issues and Investment, Ministry of Social Development


The review was commissioned by the Ministry of Social Development (MSD) to provide an evidence base to support all-of-Government thinking aimed at strengthening community resilience, during periods of significant adversity.

When Maintaining Relationships and Social Connectivity Matter: The Case of New Zealand Midwives and COVID-19

Robbie Elizabeth Davis-Floyd & Kim I. Gutschow


In the rapidly changing landscape of the pandemic, news media provided a real time account of midwives’ and families’ challenges and experiences. This article provides background and discussion of these events and reports on a content analysis of media reporting the impact on the maternity system in New Zealand during the initial surge of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Smoking cessation among disadvantaged young women during and after pregnancy: Exploring the role of social networks

Marloes E.DerksenaAnton E.KunstaLaxsiniMurugesuaMonique W.M.JaspersbMirjam P.Fransena


Smoking prevalence during and after pregnancy remains high among socioeconomically disadvantaged, European women. This research aims to gain insight into the role of social networks on smoking cessation among disadvantaged young women during and after pregnancy.


Scaling up care by midwives must now be a global priority

Mary JRenfrewaAddress MauakowaMalatab


Midwives  have  the  potential  to  save  lives  of  women  and  children  at  a  scale  unmatched  by  other  health  interventions.

Infant mortality inequities for Māori in New Zealand: a tale of three policies

Christopher Rutter & Simon Walker


The history of infant mortality inequities among Māori in New Zealand provides a remarkable case study for understanding the shortcomings of policy which fails to consider the differential risks associated with disadvantaged groups. Specifically, the failure of the initial 1991 reform in addressing Māori infant health, followed by the relative success of post-1994 policy, demonstrate that disadvantaged populations carry differential social risks which require adjusting policy accordingly.

“Ashamed, Silent and Stuck in a System”—Applying a Structural Violence Lens to Midwives’ Stories on Social Disadvantage in Pregnancy

Eva Neely, Briony Raven, Lesley Dixon, Carol Bartle, and Carmen Timu-Parata


Historical and enduring maternal health inequities and injustices continue to grow in Aotearoa New Zealand, despite attempts to address the problem. Pregnancy increases vulnerability to poverty through a variety of mechanisms. This project qualitatively analysed an open survey response from midwives about their experiences of providing maternity care to women living with social disadvantage. We used a structural violence lens to examine the effects of social disadvantage on pregnant women.

Maternal smoking and preterm birth: An unresolved health challenge

Sarah J. Stock, Linda Bauld


In this issue of PLOS Medicine, two studies provide new insights into the implications of exposure to tobacco smoke in pregnancy for perinatal and childhood outcomes. Buyun Liu and colleagues studied preterm birth in relation to timing and intensity of maternal smoking in more than 25 million singleton mother–infant pairs using United States birth certificate data.