The following pool of research seeks to inform readers about SUDI so that the community is best informed about its associated risk factors.

This research effectively informs our key messaging around SUDI, which is disseminated to a range of stakeholders including whānau, communities and health professionals.

Otolaryngological aspects of sudden infant death syndrome

Tal Marom, Udi Cinamon, Paul F. Castellanos, Marta C. Cohen

12 January 2012

Introduction: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is characterised by the sudden death of an apparently otherwise healthy infant, typically during sleep, and with no obvious case after a thorough post-mortem and scene death examination. 

Sudden unexpected infant death—no more “stunned amazement”

Nick Baker

05 November 2011

The last 20 years have seen the dramatic reduction in the toll from Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy (SUDI) in New Zealand from 200 to 60 deaths per annum. The reduction in mortality stems largely from the recognition that placing babies to sleep on their backs reduced the risk of death, as was highlighted in the New Zealand case control study in 1992. It can be calculated that approximately 3000 infants have survived who would otherwise have died over these 20 years.

Why Māori women continue to smoke while pregnant

Marewa Glover, Anette Kira

30 July 2011

Aim: To investigate why some Māori women continue smoking during pregnancy.

Methods: An exploratory qualitative study was conducted with 60 pregnant Māori women aged from 17–43. A questionnaire was used to guide the interviews. Responses were categorised using Te Whare Tapa Wha (the four-sided house), an Indigenous theoretical framework

Breastfeeding and Reduced Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: A Meta-analysis

Fern R. Hauck, John M. D. Thompson, Kawai O. Tanabe, Rachel Y. Moon and Mechtild M. Vennemann

14 June 2011

Benefits of breast feeding include lower risk of post neonatal mortality. However, it is unclear whether breastfeeding specifically lowers sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk, because study results have been conflicting.

Sudden unexpected infant death in Auckland: a retrospective case review

B Lynne Hutchison, Charlotte Rea, Alistair W Stewart, Timothy D Koelmeyer, David C Tipene-Leach, Edwin A Mitchell

07 December 2010

To review autopsy reports of all SUDI deaths in the Auckland region, New Zealand, from October 2000 to December 2009.

SIDS-related knowledge and infant care practices among Māori mothers

David Tipene-Leach, Lynne Hutchison, Angeline Tangiora, Charlotte Rea, Rebecca White, Alistair Stewart, Edwin Mitchell

27 November 2010

Māori have high SIDS rates and relevant information is needed to craft appropriate prevention strategies. The aim of the study was to determine what Māori mothers know about SIDS prevention, and to determine their SIDS-related child care practices.

What is the mechanism of sudden infant deaths associated with co-sleeping?

Christine G McIntosh, Shirley L Tonkin, Alistair J Gunn

12 December 2009

The risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has fallen dramatically in the “Back to Sleep” era; however, half the cases now occur when the infant has been sleeping in bed with another person. Despite the association of SIDS with co-sleeping, parents are receiving mixed messages. It is often presumed that co-sleeping deaths are due to ‘overlaying’, when the adult rolls on top of the baby, stopping baby from breathing. We examine research that shows that it is not necessary to cover the face, or squash the body of a baby to restrict or prevent breathing and cause oxygen deprivation.