The following pool of research seeks to inform readers about SUDI so that the community is best informed about its associated risk factors.

This research effectively informs our key messaging around SUDI, which is disseminated to a range of stakeholders including whānau, communities and health professionals.

Being young Māori parents

Felicity Ware, Mary Breheny, Margaret Forster


Young Māori parents strategically navigate Western parenting expectations, and issues of indigeneity in their construction of early parenting. A culturally based narrative approach to research with young Māori parents revealed personal stories of early parenting located in wider expectations from family and peers, their Indigenous community and society.

Kaupapa Māori Evaluation: Transforming Health Literacy

Teah Anna Lee Carlson


"The key findings of the strands of the study are effective health literacy, with sub-themes for Ngāti Porou context and importance of whanaungatanga; kaupapa Māori evaluation – transformational praxis; reclamation of health literacy and contributions to the formation of Indigenous health literacy. To bring about change, we need to deepen health literacy’s scope to examine practices embedded in broader social narratives and cultural agency that recognise issues of equity, equality, and empowerment.

The combination of bed sharing and maternal smoking leads to a greatly increased risk of sudden unexpected death in infancy: the New Zealand SUDI Nationwide Case Control Study

Edwin A Mitchell, John MD Thompson, Jane Zuccollo, Melanie MacFarlane, Barry Taylor, Dawn Elder, Alistair W Stewart, Teuila Percival, Nick Baker, Gabrielle McDonald, Beverley Lawton, Martin Schlaud, Peter Fleming


Despite a major reduction in overall infant mortality, sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) continues to be of concern in New Zealand, as the rate is high by international standards, and is even higher in indigenous Māori.

Wahakura Versus Bassinet for Safe Infant Sleep: A Randomized Trial

Sally A. Baddock, PhD, a,b David Tipene-Leach, MBChB, FNZCPHM (Hon), b Sheila M. Williams, DSc, c Angeline Tangiora, BN, b Raymond Jones, RN, PGDipHealInf, b Ella Iosua, PhD, c Emily C. Macleod, PhD, PGDipClPs, b Barry J. Taylor, MBChB, FRACPb,


To compare an indigenous sleep device (wahakura) for infants at high risk for sudden unexpected death with a bassinet, for measures of infant sleep position, head covering, breastfeeding, bed-sharing, and maternal sleep and fatigue.

Sapere - National Safe Sleep Programme Presentation on key findings

Sapere research group


National Safe Sleep Programme - Presentation on key findings

Sapere - SUDI Literature Review

Jo Esplin, Emma Doust and Jo Prince


Literature review of Sudden Unexpected Death in Infants, prepared for the Ministry of Health