The following pool of research seeks to inform readers about SUDI so that the community is best informed about its associated risk factors.

This research effectively informs our key messaging around SUDI, which is disseminated to a range of stakeholders including whānau, communities and health professionals.

The combination of bed sharing and maternal smoking leads to a greatly increased risk of sudden unexpected death in infancy: the New Zealand SUDI Nationwide Case Control Study

Edwin A Mitchell, John MD Thompson, Jane Zuccollo, Melanie MacFarlane, Barry Taylor, Dawn Elder, Alistair W Stewart, Teuila Percival, Nick Baker, Gabrielle McDonald, Beverley Lawton, Martin Schlaud, Peter Fleming

03 June 2017

Despite a major reduction in overall infant mortality, sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) continues to be of concern in New Zealand, as the rate is high by international standards, and is even higher in indigenous Māori.

Wahakura Versus Bassinet for Safe Infant Sleep: A Randomized Trial

Sally A. Baddock, PhD, a,b David Tipene-Leach, MBChB, FNZCPHM (Hon), b Sheila M. Williams, DSc, c Angeline Tangiora, BN, b Raymond Jones, RN, PGDipHealInf, b Ella Iosua, PhD, c Emily C. Macleod, PhD, PGDipClPs, b Barry J. Taylor, MBChB, FRACPb,

03 February 2017

To compare an indigenous sleep device (wahakura) for infants at high risk for sudden unexpected death with a bassinet, for measures of infant sleep position, head covering, breastfeeding, bed-sharing, and maternal sleep and fatigue.

No bed sharing or safer bed sharing?

Göran Wennergren

29 June 2016

Results from the New Zealand cot death study played a pivotal role in the introduction of advice to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the early 1990s. Advice to abandon the prone sleeping position for infants was followed by a dramatic reduction in the incidence of SIDS and post-neonatal mortality in New Zealand, as well in the other countries that followed the country’s example. However, as described by Mitchell et al in this issue, the decline in post-neonatal mortality in New Zealand plateaued in the 2000s.

The recent fall in postperinatal mortality in New Zealand and the Safe Sleep programme

Edwin A. Mitchell, Stephanie Cowan, David Tipene-Leach

13 April 2016

Postneonatal mortality rates changed very little from 2000 until recently. There has been a decrease in mortality in New Zealand from 2009 to 2015. This study describes an infant Safe Sleep programme and postulates it is the cause for the recent decrease in deaths

Parental Smoking During Pregnancy - Findings from the Growing Up in New Zealand Cohort

Gayl Humphrey, Chris Bullen, Fiona Rossen, Natalie Walker

02 January 2016

This document is the final output of the Smoking in Pregnancy project competed by the National Institute for Health Innovation (NIHI). It provides an analysis of the Growing Up in New Zealand antenatal (Wave 1) data. NIHI identifies key findings and conclusions.

BMJ - A qualitative analysis of messages to promote smoking cessation among pregnant woman

Janet Hoek, Heather Gifford, Ninya Maubach, Rhiannon Newcombe

07 November 2014

 Although aware that smoking while pregnant presents serious risks to their unborn children, some women continue to smoke and rationalise their dissonance rather than quit. We explored metaphors women used to frame smoking and quitting, then developed cessation messages that drew on these metaphors and examined the perceived effectiveness of these. 

Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy

Ministry of Health

02 May 2013

If you choose to sleep in bed with your baby, put them in their own baby bed beside you – for example, a pēpi-pod or wahakura.